A parish council (PC) is a civil local authority found in England and is the lowest, or first, tier of local government. As such, a PC is responsible for managing the day to day activities within its boundaries, including such things as planning applications, parking, litter, dog-fouling, footpaths and other amenities.
The Great Milton PC has a maximum of seven members, plus a parish clerk who is the responsible financial officer, and the only employed and salaried member of the PC. Councillors fulfill their duties voluntarily.
The parish is divided into wards of roughly equal size and each councillor has responsibility for their ward, especially as regards planning applications. This requires the councillor to interview the immediate neighbours for every planning application received, and note any comments or objections which then inform the other councillors when considering each application, either at a regular PC meeting, or at a specially convened planning meeting.